Indian monsoon, the most prominent of the world’s monsoon systems, which primarily affects India and its surrounding water bodies. It blows from the northeast during cooler months and reverses direction to blow from the southwest during the warmest months of the year.
How does the monsoon season work?
A monsoon is a seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing, or strongest, winds of a region. Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. … Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia.
What causes the monsoon in India?
The primary cause of monsoons is the difference between annual temperature trends over land and sea. The apparent position of the Sun with reference to the Earth oscillates from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn. Thus the low pressure region created by solar heating also changes latitude.
During what period does Indian monsoons take place?
Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more rainfall.
How does monsoon control the climate of India?
The monsoon winds are largely affecting the Indian climate. The monsoon winds blow over the Indian Ocean, pick up moisture from June to September and cause rainfall across the country. Winter monsoon causes rainfall over Tamil Nadu’s coastal parts and some parts of Andhra Pradesh.
What are the characteristic of Indian monsoon?
Characteristics Monsoon – India They are not steady winds but are pulsating innature . They vary from year to year. They have tendency to have breas in rainfall . It has wet and dry spells. …
Where did monsoon first enter in India?
The Arabian Sea Branch of the Southwest Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, India, thus making this area the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest Monsoon.
How often do monsoons occur in India?
There are two monsoons (or rainy seasons) in India. The summer monsoon season in India, otherwise known as the southwest monsoon, which lasts from June to September and affects the whole of India. Then the northeast or winter monsoon brings seasonal rainfall to Southeast India from October to December.
How much rain falls during a monsoon?
A monsoon climate is characterised by a dramatic seasonal change in direction of the prevailing winds of a region which brings a marked change in rainfall. The monsoon climate results in high annual rainfall totals exceeding 1.5 m (5 ft) in many places.
What is the difference between onset of monsoon and withdrawal of monsoon?
Onset of Monsoon : Due to the rapid rise in temperature in May over north-west India the air pressure decreases and the low pressure is established there. … Withdrawal of Monsoon : By the end of September the south-west monsoon becomes weak as the low pressure trough shifts southward.
What type of wind is monsoon?
A monsoon is a seasonal wind system that shifts its direction from summer to winter as the temperature differential changes between land and sea. Monsoons often bring torrential summerrains, such as on the Indian subcontinent where the summer monsoon delivers three-quarters of the country’s annual precipitation.
What are the controls affecting the climate of India explain?
Complete answer: The six controls that affect the climate of India are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, ocean currents, distance from the sea and relief features.
How do monsoons form?
Monsoons are caused by temperature differences in the air over land and sea. They blow from colder to warmer areas. In a monsoon region in summer the land and the air above it become very hot. … The warmer sea air rises, and the cooler air blows from the land to the sea to take its place.
What are the five factors that affect the climate of India?
Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.