What was the Dutch factory in India?

In India, Dutch established their first factory in Masulipatnam in 1605. Masaulipatam is the second largest port in the province and also the port was under the control of Dutch and East Indies companies.

What did Dutch trade with India?

Apart from textiles, the items traded in Dutch India include precious stones, indigo, and silk across the Indian Peninsula, saltpetre and opium in Dutch Bengal, and pepper in Dutch Malabar. Indian slaves were exported to the Spice Islands and the Cape Colony.

What did the Dutch Indian company do?

Dutch East India Company, byname of United East India Company, Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, trading company founded in the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands) in 1602 to protect that state’s trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in the Dutch war of independence from Spain.

What happened to the Dutch India Company?

After the financially disastrous Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780–1784), the company was nationalised in 1796, and finally dissolved on 31 December 1799. All assets were taken over by the government with VOC territories becoming Dutch government colonies.

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What did the Dutch East India Company trade?

Traded commodities included textiles, pepper, and yarn from India, cinnamon, cardamom, and gems from Sri Lanka. Some were traded only over short distances, while others traveled greater distances, such as between Indonesia, China, and Japan.

Where did the Dutch established their factory in India?

In India, Dutch established their first factory in Masulipatnam in 1605. Masaulipatam is the second largest port in the province and also the port was under the control of Dutch and East Indies companies.

When did Dutch leave India?

The Dutch presence in India began to decline following its defeat at the hands of the Travancore Kingdom following the battle of Colachel in 1741. By the middle of 1825, the Dutch would lose all their remaining trading posts to the British following the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.

Why did the Dutch leave India?

Netherland had got independence from Spanish Empire in 1581. Due to war of independence, the ports in Spain for Dutch were closed. This forced them to find out a route to India and east to enable direct trade.

Why did Dutch East India Company fail to maintain its influence in India?

Why did the Dutch East India Company fail to maintain its influence in India? The Portuguese did not allow the Dutch to trade in India. There was a growing interference of the Dutch government in the Company’s internal affairs. … The Dutch were eliminated by the local Indian rulers.

Why was the Dutch East India Company so successful?

The Dutch had an advantage in resources because they were on the cutting edge of capitalism. The Dutch East India Company had a more successful strategy on account of sound money, an efficient tax system and a system of public debt by which the government could borrow from its citizens at low interest rates.

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What was the capital of the Dutch in India?

Dutch Coromandel

Dutch Coromandel Coromandel
Status Dutch colony
Capital Pulicat (1610–1690; 1781–1795) Nagapatnam (1690–1781) Sadras (1818–1825)
Common languages Dutch
Governor

When did the Dutch East India company End?

As the Dutch East India Company continued to expand, trading posts were established in places that include Persia, Bengal, Malacca, Siam, Formosa (Taiwan) and Malabar to name a few. By 1669 the Dutch East India Company was the richest company in the world.

What was the important contribution of the Dutch to India?

The major Indian commodities traded by the Dutch were cotton, indigo, silk, rice and opium. The Dutch, during their stay in India, tried their hands on the minting of coinages. As their trade flourished they established mints at Cochin, Masulipattam, Nagapatam Pondicherry and Pulicat.

How was Dutch East India Company formed?

In 1602 the Dutch government set out to monopolize the intercontinental spice trade, establishing the Dutch East India Company as an official colonial agency. … The Dutch fleet increased exponentially over the next three years, and eventually led to the formation of the East India Company.