In December 1911 King George V of Britain decreed that the capital of British India would be moved from Calcutta (which is today called Kolkata) to Delhi. Construction began in 1912 at a site about 3 miles (5 km), south of the Delhi city centre, and the new capital was formally dedicated in 1931.
WHO declared Delhi the capital of India?
Delhi was declared India’s capital on this day. Delhi was declared the capital of India by the British King George V on December 12, 1911, replacing Calcutta. However, the capital was inaugurated by the then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin, in 1931 after the construction of the city was completed.
When was the name New Delhi given?
It was only 15 years after his coronation as the King-Emperor of India that that King George V named the city ‘New Delhi’. The city of New Delhi got its name on December 31, 1926, according to archival documents of the period at the National Archives of India (NAI) here.
Why is the capital of India called New Delhi?
Delhi was the historical capital of the Delhi Sultanate, the first major Muslim empire founded in northern India in 1206. … The British originally ruled India from Calcutta, but moved the capital to the newly built district of New Delhi in 1911 because of the city’s symbolic value in India.
Which is the capital of New Delhi?
New Delhi is the capital of India and one of Delhi city’s 11 districts. Although colloquially Delhi and New Delhi are used interchangeably to refer to the National Capital Territory of Delhi, these are two distinct entities, with New Delhi forming a small part of Delhi.
What is the old name of Old Delhi?
Old Delhi or Purani Dilli is an area in the city of Delhi, India. It was founded as a walled city named Shahjahanabad in 1639, when Shah Jahan (the Mughal emperor at the time) decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra.
How old is Delhi?
The legendary ancient city of Indraprastha is believed to have been established 5000 years ago, as per the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata.
What is India old name?
Look at us: we operate with two names, the original name Bharat, and the given name, India. The invaders of Bharat who came up to the river Sindhu somehow managed to pronounce Sindhu as Hindu, and then Indus. And finally India is stuck on us for centuries now.
What is New Delhi state name?
Delhi, officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India containing New Delhi, the capital of India. It is situated alongside River Yamuna and bordered by Haryana state on three sides and by Uttar Pradesh state to the east.
Why is New Delhi called New Delhi?
It was made a district province of the Punjab. In 1911, it was announced that the capital of British-held territories in India was to be transferred from Calcutta to Delhi. The name “New Delhi” was given in 1927, and the new capital was inaugurated on 13 February 1931.
Why is Delhi called Delhi?
According to legend, the city was named for Raja Dhilu, a king who reigned in the region in the 1st century bce. The names by which the city has been known—including Delhi, Dehli, Dilli, and Dhilli, among others—likely are corruptions of his name.
Which is the first capital of India?
During the British Raj, until 1911, Calcutta was the capital of India. By the latter half of the 19th century, Shimla had become the summer capital. King George V proclaimed the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi at the climax of the 1911 Imperial Durbar on 12 December 1911.