There are estimated to be over 18,000 species of flowering plants in India, which constitute some 6-7 percent of the total plant species in the world. India is home to more than 50,000 species of plants, including a variety of endemics.
How many species of flora and fauna are there in India?
India, a megadiverse country with only 2.4% of the world’s land area, accounts for 7-8% of all recorded species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.
Which flora is found in India?
Flora and Fauna of India
India also contains a variety of flora that includes the Alpines, temperate forests, deciduous forests, evergreen forests, oaks, rhododendrons, pine, spruce, deodar, laurels, maples, bamboos and tall grasses.
How many species are there in Flora?
FLORAL DIVERSITY IN INDIA
The word “Flora” comes from the Latin, Flora – the goddess of plants (floris means flower). A total of 215,644 species of plants out of 298,000 predicted have been catalogued on earth till-date. Apart, 8,600 plant species have been recorded from ocean out of estimated 16,600.
How many species of flora and fauna are found in India Class 9?
India possesses about 47,000 different species of plants and 5,000 of them are exclusively found in India. The fauna of a country consists of birds, fish and animals.
How many hotspots are in India?
India has four biodiversity hotspots, i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Is Anjan flora of India?
Explanation: Anjan tree is found in India. Orchids are not native and have to be grown in artificial conditions. Hence, Orchids do not from the fauna of India.
How many trees are there in India?
The tropical and subtropical regions (such as India) have about 1.39 trillion trees (close to 43 per cent of the trees of the world) 0.74 trillion in “boreal” forests in the sub-Arctic regions of Russia, Scandinavia and North America (25 per cent), and 0.61 trillion (or 22 per cent) in the temperate zones.
What percent of flora of the world is present in India?
Though the geographical area cover of the country represents about 2.4% of the world’s total landmass, it harbours a total of 47,513 plant species (Singh & Dash, 2014) out of about 0.4 million hitherto known in the world, representing as much as 11.4% of world flora.
How many species of fauna are found in India?
A 2020 faunal survey of India by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) reported a total of 102,718 species of fauna, with 557 new species including 407 newly described species and 150 new country records.
How many animal species are there?
The natural world contains about 8.7 million species, according to a new estimate described by scientists as the most accurate ever. But the vast majority have not been identified – and cataloguing them all could take more than 1,000 years.
How is India rich in its flora explain?
The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains.
What are the 4 types of plants?
Types of Plants-Herbs, Shrubs, Trees, Climbers, and Creepers.
How many national parks are there in India?
There are 104 existing national parks in India covering an area of 43,716 km2, which is 1.33% of the geographical area of the country (National Wildlife Database, Dec. 2020).
How many types of plants species are found in India a about 45000 b about 40000 C about 47000 d about 20000?
About 47,000 is the correct answer.
What percentage of the total 5% biodiversity of the earth is found in India?
India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.