Pitt’s India Act (1784), named for the British prime minister William Pitt the Younger, established the dual system of control by the British government and the East India Company, by which the company retained control of commerce and day-to-day administration but important political matters were reserved…
Why was the Pitt’s India Act introduced?
The act was named after William Pitt the Younger, who was the Prime Minister of Britain at the time. The purpose of this act was to draw a clear distinction between the Commercial and Political Activities of the East India Company.
Who introduced the act?
The Act embodied the reforms recommended in the report of the Secretary of State for India, Edwin Montagu, and the Viceroy, Chelmsford. The Act covered ten years, from 1919 to 1929.
Who introduced Regulating Act 1773?
Regulating Act of 1773
|Introduced by||Frederick North, Lord North on 18 May 1773|
|Territorial extent||Great Britain Bengal Presidency Madras Presidency Bombay Presidency|
|Royal assent||10 June 1773|
|Commencement||10 June 1773|
Why was Pitt’s India Act important for the Indians and British?
The Act was significant for two reasons. Firstly, the company’s territories in India were for the first time called the ‘British possession in India’ and secondly, British Government was given the supreme control over Company’s affairs and its administration in India.
Who was Warren Hasting 4 marks?
Warren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England.
When was Government of India Act introduced?
Government of India Act of 1858
On August 2, 1858, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the company to the crown.
Who is known as the Father of Indian Constitution?
Ambedkar Jayanti 2021: Interesting facts you need to know about BR Ambedkar, ‘Father of Indian Constitution’
Who passed regulating act?
Regulating Act, (1773), legislation passed by the British Parliament for the regulation of the British East India Company’s Indian territories, mainly in Bengal.
Who was the first British Viceroy of India?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|Formation||20 October 1773|
|First holder||Warren Hastings|
|Final holder||Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)|
|Abolished||26 January 1950|
Who abolished dual government in India?
The framework was annulled by Warren Hastings in 1772 and Bengal was brought under direct control of english and the Nawabs stayed as the simple retired people of the East India Company.
Which was the first law of EIC?
Territories and responsibilities ceded to the British Government by the Government of India Act 1858. dissolved by the East India Stock Dividend Redemption Act 1873.
East India Company.
|EIC in India||1612–1757|
|British rule in Burma||1824–1948|
|Partition of India||1947–|
Who introduced Dyarchy?
Dyarchy was introduced as a constitutional reform by Edwin Samuel Montagu (secretary of state for India, 1917–22) and Lord Chelmsford (viceroy of India, 1916–21). The principle of dyarchy was a division of the executive branch of each provincial government into authoritarian and popularly responsible sections.
Who founded the Indian civil service?
During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised, and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’.
What were the important aspect of the Pitt’s India Act?
Answer: Of these the most important one was the Pitt’s India Act of 1784, named after William Pitt the Younger Prime Minister of Britain at that time. This act set up a board of control in Britain through which the British government could fully control the company’s civil, military and revenue affairs in India.