Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow.
What happened in the Indian revolt of 1857?
In May 1857, soldiers in the army of the British East India Company rose up against the British. The unrest soon spread to other army divisions and towns across north and central India. By the time the rebellion was over, hundreds of thousands—possibly millions—of people had been killed, and India was changed forever.
Why is the year 1857 important in Indian history?
Results of The Revolt
End of company rule: the great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India.
Who controlled India in 1857?
The East India Company had been active in India for nearly 250 years, but the violence of the 1857 uprising led to the British government dissolving the company and taking direct control of India. Following the fighting of 1857–58, India was legally considered a colony of Britain, ruled by a viceroy.
Why is 1857 Famous?
The year 1857 is famous in India because the First War of Independence took place during that year and it was a turning point in Indian history as it ended the rule of the East India Company.
Why did the Revolt of 1857 Fail?
The rebellion was limited to North India. … Note – The main causes of the failure of the Revolt of 1857 firstly the lack of unity, planning and efficient leadership on the Indian side and secondly the organisational and military superiority of the English side who was led by very able and experienced generals.
How did 1857 revolt end?
The Revolt of 1857 lasted for more than a year. It was suppressed by the middle of 1858. On July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning.
Who started the revolt of 1857?
On 29 March 1857 at the Barrackpore parade ground, near Calcutta, 29-year-old Mangal Pandey of the 34th BNI, angered by the recent actions of the East India Company, declared that he would rebel against his commanders.
What happened in Delhi 1857?
Siege of Delhi, (8 June–21 September 1857). The hard-fought recapture of Delhi by the British army was a decisive moment in the suppression of the 1857–58 Indian Mutiny against British rule. … The rebellion lost its cohesion, allowing the British to defeat any remaining isolated pockets of resistance.
When did 1857 revolt end?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
Why did the British invade India?
The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium. They landed in the Indian subcontinent on August 24, 1608, at the port of Surat.
Which is the first war of India?
India’s first war of independence, better known as the Indian Rebellion of 1857, began on this day, May 10 in the year 1857. The first martyr of the revolt was Mangal Pandey and the war was the result of accumulation of many factors over time.
How many Britishers died in 1857?
There are 2,392 fatalities recorded on the British Casualties, Indian Mutiny 1857-1859 register. The record set includes those British subjects or servicemen who died during the conflict.
Who was Mangal Pandey What did he do?
Mangal Pandey was an Indian soldier who played a key part in the events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of 1857. He was a sepoy (infantryman) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) regiment of the British East India Company.