Question: Where is the Indian Ocean trade route?

The Indian Ocean trade routes connected Southeast Asia, India, Arabia, and East Africa, beginning at least as early as the third century BCE. This vast international web of routes linked all of those areas as well as East Asia (particularly China).

What are the trade routes of India?

The Uttarapath (northern land routes) and Dakshinapath (southern land routes) together constituting “ the Grand route of India,” became the arterial trade routes, along with their feeder channels, for silk trade especially during Kushana period (3 0 CE- 375 CE) which connected China, south east Asia, central Asia and …

Where did the Indian Ocean trade start and end?

The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.

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What were the three trade routes in India?

Classification of ancient routes-

  • Sthala patha : trade routes in plain land.
  • Vana patha : the forest road, and those leading to elephant forest were called Hastikshetrapatha.
  • Shanku patha : the hilly road.
  • Kari patha : Sea-shore route linking the ports and habours.

What major trade route preceded the Indian Ocean trade route?

First, Indian Ocean trade incorporated many more people than participated in Silk Road trade.

Who traveled the Indian Ocean trade route?

The Portuguese under Vasco da Gama discovered a naval route to the Indian Ocean through the southern tip of Africa in 1497–98. Initially, the Portuguese were mainly active in Calicut, but the northern region of Gujarat was even more important for trade, and an essential intermediary in east–west trade.

How long did the Indian Ocean trade route last?

For roughly 700 years, the Indian Ocean was the center of the greatest international trade network the world had ever seen. First truly rising around 800 CE and maintaining its dominance until the 1500s CE, these networks connected the Afro-Eurasian supercontinent in one massive cycle of trade.

How did they travel on the Indian Ocean trade route?

During the Classical Era, they were transported by Arab merchants-along with spices, gold, ivory, pearls, precious stones and textiles-through the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula using camel caravans. This trade route, known as the Incense Road, went as far north as the Mediterranean port city of Gaza.

What are trade routes?

Definition of trade route

1 : one of the sea-lanes ordinarily used by merchant ships. 2 : a route followed by traders (as in caravans)

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What caused the Indian Ocean trade?

Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.

Which town was situated at the junction of trade routes?

Mathura was located at the junction of these two famous trade routes.

How oceanic route is important?

The major products transported by this oceanic route are machines, electric goods, goods of daily needs, medical apparatus and medicines, railways goods, parts of airplanes and army and defence equipment. It has much more important than any other waterways.

How did the Indian Ocean trade route transform during the 16th century?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

Where is the Silk Road?

The Silk Road began in north-central China in Xi’an (in modern Shaanxi province). A caravan track stretched west along the Great Wall of China, across the Pamirs, through Afghanistan, and into the Levant and Anatolia. Its length was about 4,000 miles (more than 6,400 km).