silk industry in India is one of the largest generators of employment and foreign exchange for the country as sericulture activities spread across 52,360 villages. India enjoys a unique global position in terms of production of all commercially useful varieties of silk. India is the second largest producer of silk.
What is the silk industry?
India produces four varieties of silk produced, viz. Mulberry, Eri, Tasar and Muga. Sericulture Provides gainful occupation to around 63 Lakh persons in rural and semi-urban areas in India. Muga is unique in having a golden sheen and is a prized possession of India.
Where is silk industry in India?
Silk production in India
Mulberry sericulture is mainly practised in states such as Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Assam and Bodoland (Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri districts of Assam), West Bengal, Jharkhand and Tamil Nadu who are the major silk producing states in the country.
How many silk industries are there in India?
India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five known commercial silks, namely, mulberry, tropical tasar, oak tasar, eri and muga, of which muga with its golden yellow glitter is unique and prerogative of India.
What is the importance of silk industry in India?
Sericulture provides gainful employment, economic development and improvement in the quality of life to the people in rural area and therefore it plays an important role in anti poverty programme and prevents migration of rural people to urban area in search of employment.
Which state is largest producer of silk?
Hint: Silk is mainly produced in the five states of India called Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Jammu & Kashmir that contributes nearly 97% of the mulberry silk in India. Complete answer: Karnataka is the largest silk producing state.
Which silk is best in India?
The most popular and renowned variety of silk produced in India is the mulberry silk. The states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Jammu and Kashmir are recognised as the main producers of this silk. This silk is produced by the domesticated silkworm called Bombyx mori.
Which city is famous for silk industry?
Silk in the Indian subcontinent is a luxury good. In India, about 97% of the raw mulberry silk is produced in the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. Mysore and North Bangalore, the upcoming site of a US$20 million “Silk City”, contribute to a majority of silk production.
What is Indian silk called?
Silk fabric, also known as ‘Paat’ in East India, Pattu in South India and Resham in North India, is a natural fiber produced from the cocoons of mulberry silkworm via a process called Sericulture. The yarns produced from the process of sericulture are used to weave a variety of textiles.
Which is the largest producer of silk in India?
Top 10 Largest Silk Producing States in India
|Rank||Sates||Production of raw silk in metric tonnes, 2016|
Who exports the most silk?
As is commonly known, the top exporter of Raw Silk is China, whose export has a worth of $315M and represents the 88% of the global exportation. China is followed by Italy ($18.3M), Malaysia ($12M), Romania ($7.09M) and Germany ($3.32M).
Is silk exported from India?
Readymade silk garments followed with 60 million dollars worth of exports that year.
Value of silk exported from India in financial year 2021, by type (in million U.S. dollars)
|Characteristic||Value of silk export in million U.S. dollars|
What are the types of silks?
What are the different types of silk
- Mulberry Silk. Mulberry Silk is the world’s favourite silk and accounts for around 90% of silk produced globally. …
- Spider Silk. …
- Sea Silk. …
- Tussar Silk. …
- Eri Silk. …
- Muga Silk (An Assam Silk) …
- Art Silk (Bamboo Silk)
What are the challenges faced by the silk industry in India?
common problems faced by the Indian silk industry are – Price fluctuation, Absence of proper market, Lack of transport facilities, Absence of storage facilities, Poor information on market trend, Lack of finance, High cost of production and low productivity, lack of technology penetration, prevalent rural nature of the …
Is silk A agriculture?
Sericulture, or silk farming, is the cultivation of silkworms to produce silk. … Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. Sericulture has become an important cottage industry in countries such as Brazil, China, France, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, and Russia.
What type of industry is silk textile?
India produces a variety of silks called Mulberry, Tasar, Muga and Eri, based on the feeding habit of the cocoons. The sericulture industry today employs over 700,000 farm families and is mostly concentrated in Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh and to some extent Assam and West Bengal.