The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India. … The partition displaced between 10 and 20 million people along religious lines, creating overwhelming refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions.
What was the result of the partitioning of India?
Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India.
What were the effects of the British partition of India in 1947?
The partition created the independent nations of Muslim-majority Pakistan and Hindu-majority India, separating the provinces of Bengal and Punjab along religious lines, despite the fact that Muslims and Hindus lived in mixed communities throughout the area, Satia said.
Why was India partitioned by the British?
This partition was part of the end of British rule over the Indian subcontinent, called British Raj. The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.
Why did the British decide to partition?
The idea of the partition had been brought up only for administrative reasons. Therefore, Curzon planned to split Orissa and Bihar and join fifteen eastern districts of Bengal with Assam. … Lord Curzon’s intention was not specifically to divide Hindus from Muslims, but only to divide Bengalis.
What was the results of partition?
The partition was outlined in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, i.e. Crown rule in India. The two self-governing independent Dominions of India and Pakistan legally came into existence at midnight on 15 August 1947.
What were the results of the partition of Bengal?
As per Curzon, after the partition, the two provinces would be Bengal (including modern West Bengal, Odisha and Bihar) and Eastern Bengal and Assam. Bengal would also lose five Hindi-speaking states to the Central Provinces. It would gain Odia-speaking states from the Central Provinces.
What was the impact of partition of the country on the economic development of India?
The immediate effect of the partition was the emergence of shortages both in India and Pakistan. While there was food shortage in India, there was consumer goods shortage in Pakistan. There was paucity of mineral resources in Pakistan but a deficiency of agricultural raw-materials in India.
What were the long term effects of the partition of India?
What were the long term effects of the Partition on the relationship between Pakistan and India? Over a million people died, people were displaced, Britain lost India. You just studied 4 terms!
What were the consequences of the partition of India in 1947 Class 12?
(i) After 1947 most of the population transferred from one to another in unplanned manner. (ii) Many people was killed in the name of religion. (iii) Lakh of people who managed to cross the border lived their life as refugees and in refugee camps. (iv) Thousands of women were abducted.
Why was the partition of India important?
More than 70 years ago today, the Indian subcontinent was divided by its British colonial rulers into two nation-states – India and Pakistan. The Partition sparked three wars, paved the way for the creation of Bangladesh, and transformed Kashmir into one of the world’s most militarised zones.
What was the impact of riots during partition in Delhi?
The partition riots that erupted in Delhi following independence in 1947 resulted in the massacre of thousands of Muslims and the departure of roughly 300,000, leaving the remaining Muslim community seriously depleted, both numerically and politically.
Why did Britain partition India into India and Pakistan?
Why did British officials partition India into India and Pakistan? … British officials soon became convinced that partition an idea first proposed by India’s Muslims, would be the only way to ensure a safe and secure region. Partition was the term given to the division of India into separate Hindu and Muslim nations.
Who was responsible for the partition of India?
Markandey Katju views the British as bearing responsibility for the partition of India; he regards Jinnah as a British agent who advocated for the creation of Pakistan in order “to satisfy his ambition to become the ‘Quaid-e-Azam’, regardless of the suffering his actions caused to both Hindus and Muslims.” Katju …
What are the causes of partition of India Class 12?
Why partition took place –
- Mr. …
- The British policy of divide and rule.
- Separate electorates for Muslims, created by the colonial government in 1909 and expanded in 1919, crucially shaped the nature of communal politics.
- Hindu Muslim conflict and communal riots in different parts of the country.
Who started divide and rule in India?
In 1857, the ‘Great Mutiny’ broke out in which the Hindus and Muslims jointly fought against the British. This shocked the British government so much that after suppressing the Mutiny, they decided to start the policy of divide and rule (see online “History in the Service of Imperialism” by B.N. Pande).