In 1858, British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company.
How did India become a British colony?
The British came to India as traders and soon realised that they could safeguard their trading and economic interests by colonizing the country. The Battle of Plessey in 1757 laid the foundation of the British rule in India. By 1765, the British had become the virtual rulers of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha.
How long was India a colony of England?
Almost everyone in India knows this by heart — Britishers ruled India for 200 years. We got rid of them in 1947 and Robert Clive won the battle of Plassey in 1757, so that is a neat 190 years.
Who colonized India before the British?
The Dutch Republic, England, France, and Denmark-Norway all established trading posts in India in the early 17th century.
When did Britain leave India?
The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus. In 1947 the British withdrew from the area and it was partitioned into two independent countries – India (mostly Hindu) and Pakistan (mostly Muslim).
Why did Britain give up India?
1947: Partition of India
During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942. … For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united.
What was India called before British rule?
“Hindustan”, as the term Hindu itself, entered the English language in the 17th century. In the 19th century, the term as used in English referred to the Subcontinent. “Hindustan” was in use simultaneously with “India” during the British Raj.
When was modern period started in India?
The modern period in India is generally regarded as having begun in the mid-18th century. This coincided with the British occupation of India.
Was India rich before British rule?
India had also achieved considerable success in building a thriving economy with flourishing trade and commerce well before the colonial period – the economic wealth of India was amply acknowledged by British observers such as Adam Smith.
Why did Europeans came to India?
Why Europeans came to India? Trade in Agro-based product like Cotton and handicrafts was the major reason which led to the advent of Europeans. India was the major source of the spices. Some spices have antibiotic properties and they were also used to preserve the food.
What was the name of India before 1947?
the name of India before Independence is Bharat .
When did British leave India in 1947?
On the 15th August 1947, India ceased to exist as a British colony. In its place were created two separate sovereign states, India and Pakistan.
Is India still under the British rule?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
What happened after British came to India?
After the first war for Indian independence, the British Government took over the administration to establish the British Raj. … The two new dominions later became the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (the eastern half of which, still later, became the People’s Republic of Bangladesh).